sexta-feira, maio 08, 2009

Recorded executions of child offenders since 2000


Which countries still use the death penalty against child offenders?

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Are known to have executed child offenders since 2000. Child offenders are currently under sentence of death in at least two other countries - the Philippines and Sudan. The profiles below give information on each country's use of the death penalty against child offenders; on the relevant international treaties to which the country is a party; and on what the monitoring bodies set up under those treaties have said about the country's use of the death penalty against child offenders.

All nations except the USA, have become parties to one or both of the international treaties of worldwide scope prohibiting the use of the death penalty against child offenders without making an explicit reservation to that prohibition. These treaties are the ICCPR, whose Article 6(5) contains the prohibition, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), where the prohibition appears in Article 37(a).

States parties to these treaties are required to submit periodic reports on the measures they have taken to give effect to the treaties' provisions. The reports are examined by the expert bodies set up to monitor implementation of the treaties – the UN Human Rights Committee and the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child respectively.

When representatives of governments that have executed child offenders have appeared before these committees during the examination of their countries' reports, they have generally avoided mentioning the matter or have given confusing replies. These evasive responses indicate that the responsible officials are aware that their country is obliged to respect the prohibition. Only the USA has openly acknowledged executing child offenders and claimed for itself the right to do so. As shown in the graph below, the USA has executed more child offenders than all other countries combined.

This is only an introduction to the subject. To read the full version of the article, click here:

Amnesty International USA website
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